As we all know, at present there are many factors that contribute to diseases in human today.
Some risk factors for diseases are however not preventable, but some are preventable.
Before we continue you can as well check on this video below_ Health tips by Livinus Uguru’s Blog~
What are these 7 preventable and most common risk factors which have become heavy threat to people all over the world?
Below are the lists of the preventable risk factors:
- Tobacco smoking
- Alcohol consumption
- Sedentary lifestyle (physical inactivity)
- High blood pressure
- Unhealthy diets
- Raised blood glucose
According to Australian burden of disease study in 2011, smoking drugs like tobacco has ranked first as the the deadliest risk factor in causing diseases and death all over the world today.
According to my study in medical school, I was told that smoking and alcohol consumption affect almost all the organs and systems of the body.
The most dangerous effect of smoking is in the respiratory apparatus (the lung). Tobacco smoking has become the common cause of lung cancer in the world today.
You can see from data above that even from far back smoking has been notorious for causing lung cancer and other diseases.
Tobacco smoking alone has taken about 9.0℅ of all risk factors for diseases worldwide, and you know what it means?
How do you prevent smoking from claiming your life?
The answer is simple. Take a bold step and choose between life and death. The choice is yours.
Smoking up to age of 40 is said to reduce more than a decade of one’s lifespan and can frustrate people from enjoying their old age and hard earned wealths.
So, take a bold step and say no to smoking.
According to the Australian study on burden of diseases, obesity especially due to high fat in the body takes about 7.0% of all risk factors for diseases.
According to the classification above it means that if your weight is within the second class (overweight) you are likely to become obesed if not controlled.
However, the problem (discrepancy) in the measurement of body mass index above is that sometimes it doesn’t mind the body weight which may not be necessary caused by high fat ( example is high body mass index caused by muscles and general body development like in athletes).
But most time by mere looking one can easily say if a patient’s weight is from fat or muscle mass.
High body weight due to muscle mass does not really pose threat to health, but that of high fat which predisposes individuals to several bad health consequences.
Most obesed people do experience tiredness and fatigue with little physical activities due to compression of their veins by fats which slows blood circulation in the body.
How do you prevent these effects of obesity in our health?
Whether inherited or acquired we can regulate our body weight through daily exercise (at least one hour exercise everyday) and by regulating our diets. So, the choice is yours now. It is important you regulate your body weight now to enjoy the good health you deserve.
If you need other ways to control your weight you can tell your doctor.
3. Alcohol consumption
Alcohol related risk according to WHO has ranked the third most common cause of diseases in the world today after smoking and obesity.
In fact, up to 20% of patients admitted in hospital everyday are said to have alcohol related disorders. It affects almost all organs and systems of the body. Many people die of alcohol related diseases everyday, but no one mentions alcohol as cause of their death. This is because the diseases that are diagnosed are the ones predisposed by the alcohol and not the alcohol.
There are several ways doctors and other health workers use to check if one is alcohol dependent or not, but we may not cover all of them in this article.
How do you prevent alcohol associated risks?
Healthcare providers have advocated that the best way to be free from alcohol related health consequences is to abstain from it especially if you have underlying health problems like hypertension or diabetes.
But if you don’t have underlying health conditions and you wish you can take alcohol in some occasions, then you can regulate the quantities you take to avoid danger.
How do you know the level of alcohol that will be good for your body?
Now pay attention in the calculation of alcohol units below.
Health care providers use alcohol units calculation to give amount of alcohol one can take every week.
How is it calculated? It is calculated by multiplying the volume of bottle of the drink by percentage of alcohol in the drink all divided by one thousand (1000).
If the units are more than ten (10) in a week then you are likely to develop alcohol related problems. Some countries use ten (10) units, while some twelve (12) units.
Now check the full calculations below.
It is safer to minimize alcohol intake. Try it from today.
4. Physical inactivity (sedentary lifestyle)
Physical inactivity accounts for about 5.0% of all risk factors for diseases. Think about it.
It has been observed that some occupations encourage some individuals in them to have sedentary lives, but in that I think it is in anybody’s mind to determine whether he or she should be inactive or not. So the choice is yours.
How do you prevent conditions associated with inactivity?
Inactivity can lead to obesity, heart related problems and many other conditions. To stop being inactive is simply to become active in many activities. Do exercise. You are boss? don’t kill your self on that chair. You can always help your self by always standing up to do something with others.
Hypertension is also another risk factor contributing about 4.9% of all risk factors.
How can you prevent hypertension?
Hypertension can be familiar or acquired. But there are small ways one can prevent hypertension, such as: not being hard on yourself, living and letting others to live, learning sense of humour, finding pleasure and happiness in all you do, minimizing anger, praying to God and more. Don’t kill yourself because of problems that can never finish.
6. Unhealthy diets
Unhealthy diets is also another risk factor for many diseases. Bad diets are common especially in most developing countries of the world. This is caused by poverty and due to governments that don’t care much for their citizens in those countries.
Unhealthy diets is also practised by the rich who do not have proper knowledge or do not have interest in learning how to take good and proper diets.
Nutritionists or a doctror can guide you on how to take healthy diets.
7. Raised blood glucose
Finally, high blood sugar is also among the seven risk factors for many diseases.
You can avoid the consequences of high sugar by reducing amount of sugary things you take everyday. Take more complex sugars than simple or refined sugars. Also alway check your fasting and random blood glucose to avoid consequences from it. Those already having some conditions like diabetes should always consult their health care providers for advice and proper management.
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